.................. was lord over Gwynedd."
synonymous with 'ruler', he who lays down rules
or laws - and Fate (action and reaction) is a
complex cosmic law.
not live save while his two feet were in the
fold of a maiden's lap."
The maiden was
Goewin daughter of Pebin of Dol Bebin in
Arfon. Goewin means 'sprightly',
denoting youth and was the earthly repesentative
of the feminine principle on the mundane stratum
of the legend. His power and very existence,
then, lies in this feminine principle -
especially in maidenhood, the state prior
to motherhood or bringing forth. He is
stated, therefore, to be an offshoot of the
Primordial Maiden, Dôn.
peculiarity of Math son of Mathonwy: whatever
whispering, however low, there be between men,
once the wind has met it he will know of it."
Nothing may be
hidden from Math, nothing may escape his
attention. He is, therefore, universally
based and, once aware of an action, implements
the appropriate reaction.
................. and his host."
Here Math is in
war council and, therefore, takes up the sword
of justice as war-lord i.e. the bringer of
retribution or negative fate.
Math, 'between me and God, if it please
Gwydion son of Dôn, I shall leave it
gladly. Nor will I for my part compel
anyone to go to fight, instead of doing what
"'Let him be freed then'."
(speaking of the Dyfed hostage.)
Here Math is seen
as the arbiter and just judge whose word is law
and whose commands are to be obeyed without
he (Math), 'what I can, I will do: redress for
thee (Goewin) first, and then I will seek
Math is the
dispenser of retribution, not only on behalf of
others, but also for the contravention of the
inbuilt laws of Justice or Fate by Gwydion's
aiding Gilfaethwy's rape of Math's
foot-holder. As the maiden represents Dôn,
Gilfaethwy's mother, the lusting of this young
man after a symbolic mother may point to a taboo
on incest in Kymraec society at that time.
"A ban on their meat and
drink went out against them."
(i.e. Gwydion & Gilfaethwy)
Here is another
example of Math's decrees which will compel
malefactors to submit to justice.
you have come to me (Math), I will begin
punishment upon you'."
Again he is
portrayed as the dispenser of retribution.
In this case Gwydion and Gilfaethwy are
condemned to become three different species of
animal, one species for each of three years and
each year one man will have young by the
other. Math sees the result at the end of
this period, commenting how each had suffered
"great shame", suggesting a further taboo in
Keltic society, that of homosexual
has been your punishment'."
Math is here
displayed as the forgiver of sins, he who
negates the punishment of negative fate when it
is fully discharged.
"They came to
Math ............. and made the most sustained
He is recognised
by all as the judge to whom supplications may be
made for justice - one whose power may be
Math, 'let us seek, thou and I, by our magic
and enchantment to conjure a wife for him
(Lleu) out of flowers'."
Math as the Lord
of Fate undoes the injustice of Aranrot on Lleu
to load the balance in his favour and give him
the gifts and rewards which are his
right. (positive fate)
Math, 'I will give him the very best Cantref
for a young man to have'."
demonstrates Math as the bestower of gifts or
just rewards, i.e. positive fate.
"'Lord, it is
time for me to have redress from him through
whom I suffered ill'."
The appeal by
Lleu to Math as judge shows that retribution is
not only expected but indeed demanded.
(i.e. invocation for this specific purpose - no
'turning of the other cheek' in that early
treatment of Blodeuwedd by transforming her
into an owl for her betrayal of Lleu Llaw
Again we are
presented with an example of having to pay for
one's misdeeds as directed by The Lord of Fate.
the text, can the name Math add further proof of
his position in the pantheon?
The name Math is
obviously a part of MATHonwy. He
is, therefore, an extruded or externalised part
of Mathonwy. Math is the nasal mutation of
the Welsh 'bath' which means a coin, and
a coin is the medium by which payment is made
and so must misdeeds be accountable by the
perpetrator - another fact to be held in memory
at this point. To equate Math with
'treasure', as is sometimes done, is over
simplification and of spurious validity when
part of Mathonwy as yet unexplained is 'onwy'.
Remembering that 'on' (the ash) was
symbolic of The Great Mother Goddess and knowing
that 'wy' is Welsh for 'egg', we now
realise that Math is the extruded part of the
egg or seed of the ash - brother of the Cosmic
Goddess in her latent or virgin state (an
embryonic ash) prior to her flowering into
maturity and motherhood which brought forth the
extruded manifestation of the protyles/children
and all phenomena.
therefore, the 'Management Extension' of the
Cosmic Goddess and the anthropomorphised
Principle of Action and Reaction which
permeates The Web and was part of the necessary
equation to permit developed
manifestation. In recalling his
attributes as judge, lawgiver and bestower of
positive and negative rewards and how payment
must be made, we have his clear identity - The
Lord of Fate or Destiny (Karma in Eastern
Graves and Squire equate
Math with 'treasure', Squire further identifying
him with "Pluton, the Greek God of Hades" as does
Rolleston. Even Lewis Spence in 'The Magic
Arts in Celtic Britain' calls him a British "ruler
of the Underworld" and Spence surprisingly was a
prolific writer on the British Mystery systems,
Druidism and the Arthurian mythos with much
erudite research to his credit.