Then he took his magic wand, and struck
Gilvaethwy, so that he became a deer, and he seized
upon the other hastily lest he should escape from
him. And he struck him with the same magic wand, and
he became a deer also. "Since now ye are in bonds, I
will that ye go forth together and be companions,
and possess the nature of the animals whose form ye
bear. And this day twelvemonth come hither unto me."
At the end of a year from that day, lo
there was a loud noise under the chamber wall, and
the barking of the dogs of the palace together with
the noise. "Look," said he, "what is without."
"Lord," said one, "I have looked; there
are there two deer, and a fawn with them." Then he
arose and went out. And when he came he beheld the
three animals. And he lifted up his wand.
"As ye were deer last year, be ye wild
hogs each and either of you, for the year that is to
come." And thereupon he struck them with the magic
wand. "The young one will I take and cause to be
baptized." Now the name that he gave him was Hydwn.
"Go ye and be wild swine, each and either of you,
and be ye of the nature of wild swine. And this day
twelvemonth be ye here under the wall."
At the end of the year the barking of dogs
was heard under the wall of the chamber. And the
Court assembled, and thereupon he arose and went
forth, and when he came forth he beheld three
beasts. Now these were the beasts that he saw; two
wild hogs of the woods, and a well-grown young one
with them. And he was very large for his age.
"Truly," said Math, "this one will I take and cause
to be baptized." And he struck him with his magic
wand, and he become a fine fair auburn-haired youth,
and the name that he gave him was Hychdwn. "Now as
for you, as ye were wild hogs last year, be ye
wolves each and either of you for the year that is
to come." Thereupon he struck them with his magic
wand, and they became wolves. "And be ye of like
nature with the animals whose semblance ye bear, and
return here this day twelvemonth beneath this wall."
And at the same day at the end of the
year, he heard a clamour and a barking of dogs under
the wall of the chamber. And he rose and went forth.
And when he came, behold, he saw two wolves, and a
strong cub with them. "This one will I take," said
Math, "and I will cause him to be baptized; there is
a name prepared for him, and that is Bleiddwn. Now
these three, such are they:-- The three sons of
Gilvaethwy the false, The three faithful combatants,
Bleiddwn, Hydwn, and Hychdwn the Tall."
Then he struck the two with his magic
wand, and they resumed their own nature. "Oh men,"
said he, "for the wrong that ye did unto me
sufficient has been your punishment and your
dishonour. Prepare now precious ointment for these
men, and wash their heads, and equip them." And this
And after they were equipped, they came
unto him. "Oh men," said he, "you have obtained
peace, and you shall likewise have friendship. Give
your counsel unto me, what maiden I shall seek."
"Lord," said Gwydyon the son of , "it is easy to
give thee counsel; seek Aranrot, the daughter of
Dôn, thy niece, thy sister's daughter."
And they brought her unto him, and the
maiden came in. "Ha, damsel," said he, "art thou the
"I know not, lord, other than that I am."
Then he took up his magic wand, and bent
it. "Step over this," said he, "and I shall know if
thou art the maiden." Then stepped she over the
magic wand, and there appeared forthwith a fine
chubby yellow-haired boy. And at the crying out of
the boy, she went towards the door. And thereupon
some small form was seen; but before any one could
get a second glimpse of it, Gwydyon had taken it,
and had flung a scarf of velvet around it and hidden
it. Now the place where he hid it was the bottom of
a chest at the foot of his bed.
"Verily," said Math the son of Mathonwy,
concerning the fine yellow-haired boy, "I will cause
this one to be baptized, and Dylan is the name I
will give him."
So they had the boy baptized, and as they
baptized him he plunged into the sea. And
immediately when he was in the sea, he took its
nature, and swam as well as the best fish that was
therein. And for that reason was he called Dylan,
the son of the Wave. Beneath him no wave ever broke.
And the blow whereby he came to his death, was
struck by his uncle Govannon. The third fatal blow
was it called.
As Gwydyon lay one morning on his bed
awake, he heard a cry in the chest at his feet; and
though it was not loud, it was such that he could
hear it. Then he arose in haste, and opened the
chest: and when he opened it, he beheld an infant
boy stretching out his arms from the folds of the
scarf, and casting it aside. And he took up the boy
in his arms, and carried him to a place where he
knew there was a woman that could nurse him. And he
agreed with the woman that she should take charge of
the boy. And that year he was nursed.
And at the end of the year he seemed by
his size as though he were two years old. And the
second year he was a big child, and able to go to
the Court by himself. And when he came to the Court,
Gwydyon noticed him, and the boy became familiar
with him, and loved him better than any one else.
Then was the boy reared at the Court until he was
four years old, when he was as big as though he had
And one day Gwydyon walked forth, and the
boy followed him, and he went to the Castle of
Aranrot having the boy with him; and when he came
into the Court, Aranrot arose to meet him, and
greeted him and bade him welcome.
"Heaven prosper thee," said he.
"Who is the boy that followeth thee?" she
"This youth, he is thy son," he answered.
"Alas," said she, "what has come unto thee
that thou shouldst shame me thus? wherefore dost
thou seek my dishonour, and retain it so long as
"Unless thou suffer dishonour greater than
that of my bringing up such a boy as this, small
will be thy disgrace."
"What is the name of the boy?" said she.
"Verily," he replied, "he has not yet a
"Well," she said, "I lay this destiny upon
him, that he shall never have a name until he
receives one from me."
"Heaven bears me witness," answered he,
"that thou art a wicked woman. But the boy shall
have a name how displeasing soever it may be unto
thee. As for thee, that which afflicts thee is that
thou art no longer called a damsel." And thereupon
he went forth in wrath, and returned to Caer Dathyl
and there he tarried that night.
And the next day he arose and took the boy
with him, and went to walk on the seashore between
that place and Aber Menei. And there he saw some
sedges and seaweed, and he turned them into a boat.
And out of dry sticks and sedges he made some
Cordovan leather, and a great deal thereof, and he
coloured it in such a manner that no one ever saw
leather more beautiful than it. Then he made a sail
to the boat, and he and the boy went in it to the
port of the castle of Aranrot. And he began forming
shoes and stitching them, until he was observed from
the castle. And when he knew that they of the castle
were observing him, he disguised his aspect, and put
another semblance upon himself, and upon the boy, so
that they might not be known.
"What men are those in yonder boat?" said
"They are cordwainers," answered they.
"Go and see what kind of leather they
have, and what kind of work they can do."
So they came unto them. And when they came
he was colouring some Cordovan leather, and gilding
it. And the messengers came and told her this.
"Well," said she, "take the measure of my
foot, and desire the cordwainer to make shoes for
me." So he made the shoes for her, yet not according
to the measure, but larger. The shoes then were
brought unto her, and behold they were too large.
"These are too large," said she, "but he
shall receive their value. Let him also make some
that are smaller than they."
Then he made her others that were much
smaller than her foot, and sent them unto her. "Tell
him that these will not go on my feet," said she.
And they told him this. "Verily," said he, "I will
not make her any shoes, unless I see her foot." And
this was told unto her. "Truly," she answered, "I
will go unto him."
So she went down to the boat, and when she
came there, he was shaping shoes and the boy
stitching them. "Ah, lady," said he, "good day to
"Heaven prosper thee," said she. "I marvel
that thou canst not manage to make shoes according
to a measure."
"I could not," he replied, "but now I
shall be able."
Thereupon behold a wren stood upon the
deck of the boat, and the boy shot at it, and hit it
in the leg between the sinew and the bone. Then she
smiled. "Verily," said she, "with a steady hand did
the lion aim at it." "Heaven reward thee not, but
now has he got a name. And a good enough name it is.
Llew Llaw Gyffes be he called henceforth."
Then the work disappeared in seaweed and
sedges, and he went on with it no further. And for
that reason was he called the third Gold-shoemaker.
"Of a truth," said she, "thou wilt not thrive the
better for doing evil unto me."
"I have done thee no evil yet," said he.
Then he restored the boy to his own form.
"Well," said she, "I will lay a destiny
upon this boy, that he shall never have arms and
armour until I invest him with them."
"By Heaven," said he, "let thy malice be
what it may, he shall have arms."
Then they went towards Dinas Dinllev
and there he brought up Llew Llaw Gyffes, until he
could manage any horse, and he was perfect in
features, and strength, and stature. And then
Gwydyon saw that he languished through the want of
horses and arms. And he called him unto him. "Ah,
youth," said he, "we will go to-morrow on an errand
together. Be therefore more cheerful than thou art."
"That I will," said the youth.
Next morning, at the dawn of day, they
arose. And they took way along the sea coast, up
towards Bryn Aryen. And at the top of Cevn Clydno
they equipped themselves with horses, and went
towards the Castle of Aranrot. And they changed
their form, and pricked towards the gate in the
semblance of two youths, but the aspect of Gwydyon
was more staid than that of the other. "Porter,"
said he, "go thou in and say that there are here
bards from Glamorgan." And the porter went in. "The
welcome of Heaven be unto them, let them in," said
With great joy were they greeted. And the
hall was arranged, and they went to meat. When meat
was ended, Aranrod discoursed with Gwydyon of tales
and stories. Now Gwydyon was an excellent teller of
tales. And when it was time to leave off feasting, a
chamber was prepared for them, and they went to
In the early twilight Gwydyon arose, and
he called unto him his magic and his power. And by
the time that the day dawned, there resounded
through the land uproar, and trumpets and shouts.
When it was now day, they heard a knocking at the
door of the chamber, and therewith Aranrot asking
that it might be opened. Up rose the youth and
opened unto her, and she entered and a maiden with
her. "Ah, good men," she said, "in evil plight are
"Yes, truly," said Gwydyon, "we have heard
trumpets and shouts; what thinkest thou that they
"Verily," said she, "we cannot see the
colour of the ocean by reason of all the ships, side
by side. And they are making for the land with all
the speed they can. And what can we do?" said she.
"Lady," said Gwydyon, "there is none other
counsel than to close the castle upon us, and to
defend it as best we may."
"Truly," said she, "may Heaven reward you.
And do you defend it. And here may you have plenty
And thereupon went she forth for the arms,
and behold she returned, and two maidens, and suits
of armour for two men, with her. "Lady," said he,
"do you accoutre this stripling, and I will arm
myself with the help of thy maidens. Lo, I hear the
tumult of the men approaching."
"I will do so, gladly." So she armed him
fully, and that right cheerfully.
"Hast thou finished arming the youth?"
"I have finished," she answered.
"I likewise have finished," said Gwydyon.
"Let us now take off our arms, we have no need of
"Wherefore?" said she. "Here is the army
around the house."
"Oh, lady, there is here no army." "Oh,"
cried she, "whence then was this tumult?" "The
tumult was but to break thy prophecy and to obtain
arms for thy son. And now has he got arms without
any thanks unto thee."
"By Heaven," said Aranrot, "thou art a
wicked man. Many a youth might have lost his life
through the uproar thou hast caused in this Cantrev
to-day. Now will I lay a destiny upon this youth,"
she said, "that he shall never have a wife of the
race that now inhabits this earth."
"Verily," said he, "thou wast ever a
malicious woman, and no one ought to support thee. A
wife shall he have notwithstanding."
They went thereupon unto
Math the son of Mathonwy, and complained unto him most
bitterly of Aranrot. Gwydyon showed him also how he
had procured arms for the youth. "Well," said Math,
"we will seek, I and thou, by charms and illusion, to
form a wife for him out of flowers. He has now come to
man's stature, and he is the comeliest youth that was