A Confutation Of The Declaration Of Arbroath
1320 a.d. Letter of Barons of Scotland to Pope John XXII
(Declaration of Arbroath)
To our most Holy Father in Christ, and our Lord, John, by Divine Providence chief Bishop of the most holy Roman and Universal Church, your humble and devoted sons: Duncan Earl of Fife, Thomas Randolph Earl of Moray, Lord of Man and Annandale, Patrick of Dunbar, Earl of March, Malise Earl of Strathearn, Malcolm Earl of Lennox, Wilham Earl of Ross, Magnus Earl of Caithness and Orkney, William Earl of Sutherland, Walter, Steward of Scotland, Wilham of Soulis, Butler of Scotland, James Lord of Douglas, Roger of Mowbray, David Lord of Brechin, David of Graham, Ingelram of Umfravil, John of Menteith, Guardian of the earldom of Menteith, Alexander Fraser, Gilbert of Hay, Constable of Scotland, Robert of Keith, Marischal of Scotland, Henry of St Clair, John of Graham, David of Lindsay, William Oliphant, Patrick of Graham, John of Fenton, William of Abernethy, David of Wemyss, William Muschet, Fergus of Ardrossan, Eustace of Maxwell, William of Ramsay, William Mowat, Allan of Moray, Donald Campbell, John Cambrun, Reginald le Cheyne, Alexander of Seton, Andrew of Leslie, Alexander of Straton, and the rest of the barons and freeholders, and whole community, of the kingdom of Scotland, send all manner of filial reverence, with devout kisses of your blessed and happy feet.
Most holy Father and Lord, we know and gather from ancient acts and records, that in every famous nation this of Scotland hath been celebrated with many praises: This nation having come from Scythia the greater, through the Tuscan Sea and the Hercules Pillars, and having for many ages taken its residence in Spain in the midst of a most fierce people, could never be brought in subjection by any people, how barbarous soever: And having removed from these parts, above 1,200 years after the coming of the Israelites out of Egypt, did by many victories and much toil obtain these parts in the West which they still possess, having expelled the Britons and entirely rooted out the Picts, notwithstanding of the frequent assaults and invasions they met with from the Norwegians, Danes, and English; And these parts and possessions they have always retained free from all manner of servitude and subjection, as ancient histories do witness.
This kingdom hath been governed by an uninterrupted succession of 113 kings, all of our own native and royal stock, without the intervening of any stranger.
The true nobility and merits of those princes and people are very remarkable, from this one consideration (though there were no other evidence for it) that the King of Kings, the Lord Jesus Christ, after His Passion and Resurrection, honoured them as it were the first (though living in the outmost ends of the earth) with a call to His most Holy Faith: Neither would our Saviour have them confirmed in the Christian Faith by any other instrument than His own first Apostle in calling (though in rank the second or third) St Andrew, the most worthy brother of the Blessed Peter, whom He would always have to be over us, as our patron or protector.
Upon the weighty consideration of these things our most Holy Fathers, your predecessors, did with many great and singular favours and privileges fence and secure this kingdom and people, as being the peculiar charge and care of the brother of St Peter; so that our nation hath hitherto lived in freedom and quietness, under their protection, till the magnificent King Edward, father to the present King of England, did under the colour of friendship and alliance, or confederacy, with innumerable oppressions infest us, who had in mind no fraud or deceit, at a time when we were without a king or head, and when the people were unacquainted with wars and invasions. It is impossible for any whose own experience hath not informed him to describe, or fully to understand, the injuries, blood and violence, the depredations and fire, the imprisonments of prelates, the burning, slaughter and robbery committed upon holy persons and religious houses, and a vast multitude of other barbarities, which that king executed on this people, without sparing of any sex or age, religion or order of men whatsoever.
But at length it pleased God, who only can heal after wounds, to restore us to liberty, from these innumerable calamities, by our most serene prince, king, and lord Robert, who, for the delivering of his people and his own rightful inheritance from the enemy's hand, did, like another Joshua or Maccabeus, most cheerfully undergo all manner of toil, fatigue, hardship, and hazard. The Divine Providence, the right of succession by the laws and customs of the kingdom (which we will defend till death) and the due and lawful consent and assent of all the people, made him our king and prince. To him we are obliged and resolved to adhere in all things, both upon the account of his right and his own merit, as being the person who hath restored the people's safety in defence of their liberties. But after all, if this prince shall leave these principles he hath so nobly pursued, and consent that we or our kingdom be subjected to the king or people of England, we will immediately endeavour to expel him, as our enemy and as the subverter both of his own and our rights, and we will make another king, who will defend our liberties: For so long as there shall but one hundred of us remain alive we will never give consent to subject ourselves to the dominion of the English. For it is not glory, it is not riches, neither is it honours, but it is liberty alone that we fight and contend for, which no honest man will lose but with his life.
For these reasons, most Reverend Father and Lord, We do with earnest prayers from our bended knees and hearts, beg and entreat Your Holiness that you may be pleased, with a sincere and cordial piety, to consider that with Him whose Vicar on earth you are there is no respect nor distinction of Jew nor Greek, Scots nor English, and that with a tender and fatherly eye you may look upon the calamities and straits brought upon us and the Church of God by the English; and that you may admonish and exhort the king of England (who may well rest satisfied with his own possessions, since that kingdom of old used to be sufficient for seven or more kings) to suffer us to live at peace in that narrow spot of Scotland beyond which we have no habitation, since we desire nothing but our own, and we on our part, as far as we are able with respect to our own condition, shall effectually agree to him in every thing that may procure our quiet.
It is your concernment, Most Holy Father, to interpose in this, when you see how far the violence and barbarity of the pagans is let loose to rage against Christendom for punishing of the sins of the Christians, and how much they daily encroach upon the Christian territories. And it is your interest to notice that there be no ground given for reflecting on your memory, if you should suffer any part of the Church to come under a scandal or eclipse (which we pray God may prevent) during your times. Let it therefore please Your Holiness to exhort the Christian princes not to make the wars betwixt them and their neighbours a pretext for not going to the relief of the Holy Land, since that is not the true cause of the impediment: The truer ground of it is, that they have a much nearer prospect of advantage, and far less opposition, in the subduing of their weaker neighbours. And God (who is ignorant of nothing) knows with how much cheerfulness both our king and we would go thither, if the king of England would leave us in peace and we do hereby testify and declare it to the Vicar of Christ and to all Christendom.
But if Your Holiness shall be too credulous of the English misrepresentations, and not give firm credit to what we have said, nor desist to favour the English to our destruction, we must believe that the Most High will lay to your charge all the blood, loss of souls, and other calamities that shall follow on either hand, betwixt us and them. Your Holiness in granting our just desires will oblige us in every case where our duty shall require it, to endeavour your satisfaction, as becomes the obedient sons of the Vicar of Christ.
We commit the defence of our cause to Him who is the Sovereign King and Judge, we cast the burden of our cares upon Him, and hope for such an issue as may give strength and courage to us and bring our enemies to nothing. The Most High God long preserve your Serenity and Holiness to His Holy Church.
Given at the Monastery of Arbroath in Scotland, the sixth day of April in the year of Grace 1320, and of our said king's reign the 15th year.
was not a declaration but a long-winded plea to
“To our most Holy Father in Christ, and our Lord, John, by Divine Providence chief Bishop of the most holy Roman and Universal Church, your humble and devoted sons:…………………………… and the rest of the barons and freeholders, and whole community, of the kingdom of Scotland, send all manner of filial reverence, with devout kisses of your blessed and happy feet.”
This immediately reveals this declaration to be awash with Christian schmaltzand blighted by blatant papism.
“did by many victories and much toil obtain these parts in the West which they still possess, having expelled the Britons and entirely rooted out the Picts”
they proudly confess that their founding fathers
under the command of the butcher Kenneth McAlpin did
indulge in wholesale genocide, slaughtering the
indigenous Picts following his treacherous murder of King Drust son
of Feradach* and his
nobles in the upper
half of Northern
driving out the indigenous Brythonic Kelts from the
half. Disregard, therefore, how they obtained "these
parts in the West", i.e'. Dal Riata as their confessed genocide affected an entire
* Early Scotland by H.M.
Chadwick, Cambridge University press 1949 page 22.
“And these parts and possessions they have always retained”
i.e. these stolen territories which they have always illegally held (i.e. refusing to relinquish so-called ownership)
“Neither would our Saviour have them confirmed in the Christian Faith by any other instrument than His own first Apostle in calling (though in rank the second or third) St Andrew, the most worthy brother of the Blessed Peter, whom He would always have to be over us, as our patron or protector”
we are subjected to the superstitious machinations
Nevertheless they are
to be pitied and absolved of their ecclesiastical
rants as the 20th century researches and revelations (with
reference to the Vatican's own library) did not
obtain in the 14th century.
“King Edward, father to the present King of England, did under the colour of friendship and alliance, or confederacy, with innumerable oppressions infest us…………………. and a vast multitude of other barbarities, which that king executed on this people.”
Now when complaining of
barbarities and oppressions by the English monarch,
they must have felt a fraction of what the Picts experienced when the Scotti exterminated
them. Yes, ‘payback’s
“that you may admonish and exhort the king of England (who may well rest satisfied with his own possessions.”)
It is a great pity the early Scotti
failed to be satisfied with their area of domicile
in Northern Ireland.
hypocrisy for you.)
“when you see how far the violence and barbarity of the pagans is let loose to rage against Christendom for punishing of the sins of the Christians, and how much they daily encroach upon the Christian territories.”
This demonstrates their lack of
understanding as I comprehend
this to mean Scandinavian warriors/marauders who failed
to bow to the yoke of Rome. In addition they
have been mentally conditioned by the Church that
any negative scenarios suffered by Christians must
have been on account of sins. Ergo the
edge was removed from the broadsword of the ancient
warbands and replaced with a society on its
knees while beating the breast and chanting "mea
simply mean the pagani (villagers)
who inhabited the pagus
(village) and who obviously worked the fields, i.e.
labourers of the farming variety and whose sole act
of violence and barbarity was the
destruction of weeds prior to sowing the seed
However, the barons,
earls and the lordly ones
of the Scotti were
ignorant of the
origin of the term 'pagan', the entire lengthy
plea having been written in Latin
“we must believe that the Most High will lay to your charge all the blood, loss of souls, and other calamities that shall follow on either hand, betwixt us and them”
That is, if the Pope refuses their
supplication and favours the English, they believe
that god will curse him accordingly. (Despite their initial grovelling, they finally
reveal their petty spiteful natures.)
We commit the defence of our cause to Him who is the Sovereign King and Judge, we cast the burden of our cares upon Him
What better arbiter in
their case for retaining stolen lands than the
Israelitish deity Jehovah, the ancient god-form
dredged up from the group mind of Israel and who was
the promoter of multiple genocides by the Israelites
in their day. (vide Exodus, Numbers,
Deuteronomy, Joshua & Judges, all which condemn
them from the mouth of their own historic
records.) Of course, this deity was well
repaid by the thousands thus slaughtered and
sacrificed to his blood-lust.
prophecy of Berchan attests to the massacre of
Pictish nobles by the Scotti at
Scone and The
Chronicle of Melrose confirms the Pictish
eviction which may refer to the ethnic cleansing of
Pictish culture by the Scotti.
The prophecy of Berchan
"The text consists of 205 debide stanzas, two
of which are corrupt (128, 168). It is divided
into two parts. The reputed author of part one
(stanzas 1-96) is an Irish abbot named Berchán, from
whom the poem's name originates. Part one consists
of a history of Berchán's own monastery, a recount
of Viking attacks, and descriptions of the
reigns of nineteen Irish kings."
"They invited the Pictish magnates as if to a feast; and taking advantage of their intoxication, they killed them all together. And so of the two peoples the more warlike nation was totally destroyed. And the other, by far inferior in every way, profited somehow by their treachery; and they possess that whole land to this day, from sea to sea; and they have called it, from their own name, Scotia.
Kenneth, Alpin’s son, [who reigned over] them at that time, treacherously invaded Pictland, and destroyed the Picts; and six times invaded England, and subdued to his dominion the land which had long been subject to the English, and which extends from the sea of Scotland to Melrose, on the banks of the river Tweed….”
[The land he
describes as being "subject to the English" is that
which historians term Yr Ogledd Hen,
The Old North (of
Wales), i.e. from Edinburgh and the Lothians down to
North England beyond the river Tweed – the domain of
the Brythonic tribe of the Gododdin. Indeed
what is sometimes called Scotland’s oldest poem The Gododdin and
republished in Edinburgh in the 1970s was written by
the Kymraec bard Aneurin in Primitive Welsh, the
language spoken by the Gododdin c. 600 a.d.
examines the sleeve of the book, it is called the
oldest Scottish poem - a blatant misnomer as it
had nothing whatsoever to do with the Scotti.
They may have stolen a country but the work of a
Brythonic Kelt cannot ever be purloined. My
“After the island had been
occupied by the Saxons, as we have said, and peace
had been established with the Picts, the Scots, who
were allied to the Picts and had been invited by
them to land, seeing that although fewer in number,
because of the nearness of Ireland, the Picts were
yet far superior in arms and valour, they betook
themselves to their customary and as it were innate
treacheries, in which they excel the other nations.
They brought together as to
a banquet all the nobles of the Picts, and taking
advantage of their perhaps excessive potation and
gluttony of both drink and food, they noted their
opportunity and drew out the bolts which held up
the boards; and [the Picts] fell into the hollows
of the benches on which they were sitting,
[caught] in a strange trap up to the knees, so
that they could never get up; and [the Scots]
immediately slaughtered them all, tumbled
together everywhere and taken suddenly and
unexpectedly, and fearing nothing of the sort from
allies and confederates, men bound to them by
benefits, and companions in their wars. *”
* The Celtic
Encyclopedia by Harry Mountain, upublish.com
Parkland Florida USA 1998 Volume 1 page 98
Pictland was to merge with the Gaelic kingdom of Dál Riata to form the Kingdom of Alba (Norther Britain). Kenneth McAlpin played well the bloodline card, as his father was a Goidelic Kelt with patrilineal heritage (conferring kingship of Dal Riata) while his mother was a Pictish princess who bestowed a matrilineal right of inheritance (conferring kingship of Pictland).
with both the Angles and the Vikings appear to be the
main dynamic in collapse of the Picts who, we should
remember, were responsible for keeping the North of
Alba free of any Viking deep incursions.
Following these engagements that debilitated their
fighting forces, they were easy prey to the ethnic
cleansing (i.e. genocide) by the Gaels.
Picts did not gradually merge willingly with the
Gaels, however, as following the massacre of their
chiefs and nobles by McAlpin’s warbands, the remnants
of a debilitated people fell to the yoke of the Goidels while
their druids were superseded by Christian monks and
and village names were changed to those in the Gaelic
tongue. McAlpin, therefore, was resolutely true
to his Irish bloodline rather than to his mother's
have heard various arguments that the Irish and the
Picts shared a common language. Despite
their strong but erroneous opinions, perhaps we should
seek written evidence that disproves this similarity
of tongues. There
are indeed historical records describing the language
of the Picts – a tongue which differed from other
languages in Britain.
The venerable Bede wrote in “A History of the English Church and People” (completed in 731) that there were five languages in Britain at that time: English, British, Scots, Pictish and Latin, the latter being that which united the previous four due to its use in scriptural studies. Of course for English we should read Anglo-Saxon, British denotes Kymraec or Primitive Welsh and Scots signifies Irish Gaelic.
“The Life of Columba” written by Adamnán of Iona in the Latin tongue states that when Columba appeared before court of the Pictish king Brude, he required the services of a translator. This clearly demonstrates that Columba’s native Irish was unintelligible to the assembled Picts.Northern Britain then expanded south, absorbing the Brythonic kingdom of Strathclyde and the Lothians (the land of the Brythonic tribe of the Gododdin) and by the 11th century the Pictish identity had been expunged by the Scots and the Picts were but a memory. By 1100 even the Kynraec language had disappeared from the lower parts of Northern Britain.
If we are to be guided by these
700 year old pleadings of Medieval Papists that have little
relevance to a modern
multicultural and multi-faith society, then perhaps we
should be permitted to remember the 1185 year old
genocide by the ancestors of the modern Scots that
bequeathed their children a stolen
land with all that it might produce for their subsistence – a
land their modern descendents
now wish to annex in perpetuity with UK
approval and deposit in the firm grasp of their
omnia saecula saeculorum. Note that
papal approval is superseded by UK or perhaps even EU
considering the misappropriation of land, it
appears that, once occupying land for centuries,
modern laws have evolved
to protect the such theft. On
consulting the website of Andy Wightman who,
while considering Land
Law, wrote on 27th October 2010:-
"Were it not for the fig leaf of some of the civil law of Scots property, this would not be a problem. Consider this – I steal £100,000. I am found out. I am charged, convicted and imprisoned. I am a criminal. I understand that.
If I grab some land that doesn’t belong to me though, I admit it. It is legitimate. It is lawful. After a period of time my theft “cures, ripens, matures” info full ownership. But what about the poor sod whose land it was in the first place? Tough. It’s the law of the jungle. It’s corrupt, it is criminal, venal and bad. We have not moved on in 400 years."
Be all that as it may, if I murdered the occupants of a few acres of land and took possession of that land, thereafter occupying it, would my ownership be legal? The answer I obtained from a legal expert was:
cannot murder another person and seize their
land. In simple terms there is no law in the
land that would uphold such an act."
If that is the law for
murder of an owner and theft of his few acres, then
the law must be upheld in similar vein for the
enormity and culpability in genocide and theft of a
country. In the 20th century, was Saddam Hussein
not sentenced to death for war crimes such as the
ethnic cleansing of Shiites and Kurds with seizure of
of the varied complex bloodlines and genetic markers
of today’s Scottish nationalists, they have freely
abandoned these variants (firmly adopting the defiant mind
set and albeit negative spiritual
heritage of the Scotti or Scots - the "wha's like us!"
syndrome) and must perforce bow in acceptance of the
early violent sins of that race with its compounded peccadilloes.
Indeed triumphalism is not new as we saw in Classical times Philip
II of Macedon dancing on the graves of his
"Tyrants fall in every foe,
To this day, the above words from the long-accepted national anthem of the Scots, "Scots wha hae wi' Wallace bled", demonstrates their revelling in the above mentioned syndrome. Regretfully there was no national poet in Pictland to pen a corresponding lyric for posterity with the murderous McAlpin in mind.
when we examine the anthropomorphic nouns which
besprinkle the document, e.g.: baron, Pope, father,
Christ, earl, butler, lord, constable, Marischal,
king, apostle, god, prince vicar and judge, the entire
declaration is the product of a patriarchal
even Nature itself demonstrates constant and abundant
evidence of bi-polarity in its well-defined functionality, we must
maintain that whatsoever or whomsoever is seen to be
deficient in an
equilibrating complementary pole (exhibiting patriarchal
alone) they must possess
a unipolar, disequilibrated & disordered
disposition and, consequently, total failure in approaching the
infinite horizons of universality. Thus see we
not a constant masculine aggression even in some continually yelping self-opinionated
I make no apology for constantly referring to Northern Britain throughout rather than Scotland, as indeed I should have termed the area to the south coast as Southern Britain if that had been found necessary. The mainland was always considered one unit undivided by the separate identities foist upon portions of its land mass by e.g. Scotti, Angles or Saxons.
The Old and Medieval Kymraec tongues always respectfully called it Ynys y Kedyrn - the Island of The Mighty, a name unknown to the average modern Scot and Englishman. (vide Llyfr Coch Hergest - The Red Book of Hergest)
copyright © Gareth Pengwerin June